Lesson: Ethics & Morals in Magical Works

Ethics & Morals in Magical Works

Redes, Creeds, Laws, & Rules
Many Magical Traditions & Paths have tenets, rules, and codes of honor which the practitioners of these systems follow. Here, I will present a few from several belief systems. Some I may hold to, others I do not. Each person must find their own comfort level regarding their own actions, whether personal or in their magical practice.
A Hoodoo/Rootworker/Conjurer works with the Christian (Protestant or Catholic) Bible. The words of Jesus Christ, the intercession of Mary, the calling upon of the Saints, and the use of the Psalms are believed to hold great power for all manner of works.
Having been a practicing Pagan Witch for over 20 years, and finally realizing that my specific type of works were that of a Granny Witch aka rootworker, and not Pagan, I have begun to see an incredible increase in the power of the works I do. I have also been blessed to have increased my clientele during this time as well. And I firmly believe this is due to the intercession of the Virgin Mary. (Thank you, Mother Mary!) The timing is more than "coincidental". For me, I feel that this increase in the powers of my works is due to having finally found my true magical works system. For others, it will more likely be another system.
When working Hoodoo, a more Southern African-American slant will prevail. A rootworker, on the other hand, such as myself, will be more likely to practice along the lines of the Scotts-Irish-German that was brought to the Appalachian Mountains. Both will use the Bible, especially the Psalms, in their works, and some (myself included) will use the various seals, such as the Seals of Solomon and/or the Black Pullet Seals.
Witch’s Pyramid
The Witch's Pyramid, also called The Four Powers of the Magus or The Four Secrets of the Sphinx, are considered to be the personal attributes essential to the successful use and practice of Magic, both practical and esoteric. These are - To Know, To Dare, To Will, To Be Silent, and not always included, but vital to the whole: To Go. These five attributes, in combination, are absolutely necessary to the individual for their magickal works to be successful.
These attributes can be described as follows (the Latin words for several of them are incorrect. I‘ve used them as they‘re found elsewhere, but I‘ve also included the more correct words and the explanations of each incorrect and correct terms):

To Know: Latin **Noscere - Representing the Element of Air - Knowledge and the ability to seek truth and the willingness to alter your perceptions as your spirit awakens to new ideas. (**Incorrect word nocere means “to harm”. The correct word or words should be cognitum or gnos both of which mean “to know”.)

In relation to your Craft, you need to know the Correspondences of the colors, the herbs & oils, the seasons, the Elements & Elementals, the Sabbats, etc. These Correspondences will be used together in rituals and spellwork to bring added energies and powers to yours for the manifestation of your intent.
To Dare: Latin Audere - Representing the Element of Water - Fearless courage and faith in yourself and the universe in your undaunting path to knowledge.

When you write your ritual or spell you must be daring in your thought. Think “outside the box”. Be specific, be bold, work to manifest more then you “think” you “deserve”. The power of the Universal Spirit isn’t finite. It is infinite. Work with the Infiniteness to bring all your needs to you and yours. (Note I said “needs”, not “wants”!)
To Will: Latin **Velle - Representing the Element of Fire - Willpower to focus completely on your goals that you've dared to set for yourself in your quest for knowledge. **Incorrect word velle means “willing”. The correct word should be volo, which means “to will, to wish“.

When entering into the mental state of working your ritual or spell, put your entire Will into it. Build the energy and release it at its peak, sending your intent out with all the energy to have it return as manifested reality.
To Be Silent: Latin Tacere – Representing the Element of Earth -  Silently releasing your hold on your dreams and wishes to allow the Universal Spirit to take them to fulfillment.

Once you’ve released your ritual or spell, let it work. By dwelling on it you are holding it to you instead of letting the Divine do Its work. Kind of like standing in the middle of the sidewalk so no one can pass. GET OUT OF THE WAY!

To Go: Latin **Ere - meaning "to go" is supported. Spirit makes up the top of the Pyramid, of which the previous four attributes are the base pillars. **Incorrect word as ere means “to attend to, work on, devote study to“. The correct word should be vadere, which means “to go, to make one’s way”.

This follows perfectly the “get out of the way” statement. For your ritual or spell to “go”, you must “let go”. Let go and let Goddess (or God or Whom ever it is that you call upon).

Following is my personal interpretation using the corrected Latin terms:

Cognitum, Audere, Volo, Tacere, Vadere

“To successfully perform Magical works, it takes the willpower to dare your knowledge to silently accept the power of the universe to take over.”
(From: Vol. 2, A Witch’s Book of Correspondences by Viktorija Briggs)


The Law of Power

1.  The Power shall not be used to bring harm, to injure or to control others. But if the need arises, the Power shall be used to protect your life or the lives of others.
2.  The Power is used only as need dictates. 

3.  The Power can be used for your own gain; as long as by doing so you harm none.
4.  It is unwise to accept money for the use of the Power, for it quickly controls its taker. Be not as those of other religions.
5.  Use not the Power for prideful gain, for such cheapens the mysteries of Wicca and Magic.
6.  Ever remember that the Power is a sacred gift of the Goddess and God, and should never be misused or abused. 

7.  And this is the Law of Power.


13 Goals of a Witch

1. Know yourself
2. Know your craft
3. Learn
4. Apply knowledge with wisdom
5. Achieve balance
6. Keep your words in good order
7. Keep your thoughts in good order
8. Celebrate Life
9. Attune with the cycles of the earth
10. Breathe and eat correctly
11. Exercise the body
12. Meditate
13. Honour the Goddess and the God

Scott Cunningham 


Rede of a Solitaire Witch

When ye choose the path of the solitaire,
To be one with earth, fire, sea, and air,
An oath ye take to initiate
Thyself into thy truest state.

No longer be as flesh and bone,
See thyself as Spirit's own.
Whatever path of faith ye take,
Learn it well for thine own sake.

In thy craft be diligent,
Lest thy knowledge be quickly spent.
Learn to seek and seek to learn.
An elder's wisdom never spurn.

For though ye choose to walk alone,
Heed the knowledge ye are shown.
The laws ye choose which to abide,
Let them be thy daily guide.

Always heed the law of three,
For what ye send shall return to thee.
What ye conjure here, ye should know
Manifests above as it does below.

As for the law, 'An it harm none',
Let thy soul decide what must be done.
Protect thyself and thy kin,
Lest any harm should come to them.

Be mindful of what's right and just
To live in perfect love and trust.
Find balance in thy life and deeds
Look within to fulfill thy needs.

Tis not a path for the faint of heart,
So heed this wisdom I now impart.
To thine own self be always true
In all ye say and all ye do.

Still thy tongue from words of wrath.
Do not slight another's path.
For when all is said and done,
We each are but a part of One.

Keep this knowledge in thy heart,
From its wisdom never part.
This I say, so mote it be.
Merry part and blessed be.

by Dwareniel Moone


The Witch's Creed 

Hear now the words of the witches,
The secrets we hid in the night,
When dark was our destiny's pathway,
That now we bring forth into light. 

Mysterious water and fire,
The earth and the wide-ranging air.
By hidden quintessence we know them,
And will and keep silent and dare. 

The birth and rebirth of all nature,
The passing of winter and spring,
We share with the life universal,
Rejoice in the magickal ring. 

Four times in the year the Great Sabbat returns
And witches are seen,
At Lammas and Candlemas dancing,
On May Eve and old Hallowe'en. 

When day-time and night-time are equal,
When sun is at greatest and least,
The four Lesser Sabbats are summoned,
Again witches gather in feast. 

Thirteen silver moons in a year are,
Thirteen is the coven's array,
Thirteen times at Esbat make merry,
For each golden year and a day. 

The power was passed down the ages
Each time between woman and man,
Each century unto the other,
Ere time and the ages began. 

When drawn is the magickal circle,
By sword or athame of power,
It's compass between the two worlds lies,
In Land of the Shades for that hour. 

This world has no right then to know it,
And world of beyond will tell naught,
The oldest of Gods are invoked there,
The Great Work of magick is wrought. 

For two are the mystical pillars,
That shine at the gate of the shrine,
And two are the powers of nature,
The forms and the forces divine. 

The dark and the light in succession,
The opposites each unto each,
Shown forth as a God and a Goddess,
Of this did our ancestors teach.
By night he's the wild wind's rider,
The Horned One, the Lord of the Shades,
By day he's the King of the Woodland,
The dweller in green forest glades.
She is youthful and old as she pleases,
She sails the torn clouds in her barque,
The bright silver Lady of midnight,
The crone who weaves spells in the dark. 

The master and mistress of magick,
They dwell in the deeps of the mind,
Immortal and ever-renewing,
With power to free or to bind. 

So drink the good wine to the old Gods,
And dance and make love in their praise,
Till Elphame's fair land shall receive us,
In peace at the end of our days. 

And Do What You Will be the challenge,
So be it in love that harms none, 
For this is the only commandment,
By magick of old be it done!

Doreen Valiente


The Witch’s Rune

Darksome night and shining moon,
Hearken to the Witches’ rune.
East then South, West then North,
Hear! Come! I call thee forth!

Earth and water, air and fire,
Work ye unto my desire.
Wand and Pentacle and Sword,
Hearken ye unto my word.

Cords and Censer, Scourge and Knife,
Waken all ye into life.
Powers of the Witch’s Blade,
Come ye as the charm is made.

Queen of Heaven, Queen of Hell,
Lend your aid unto the spell.
Horned Hunter of the night,
Work my will by magic rite.

By all the power of land and sea,
As I do will, “So mote it be.”
By all the might of moon and sun,
Chant the spell and be it done.

Lady Sheba – 1974


This one expresses very well how a Christian can also be a Witch.

A Christian Witch’s Creed

I believe in One Deity that is Spirit. Both Father/God and Mother/Goddess.
I believe that the Holy One has walked the Earth as both
man and woman to teach us.
I believe in the Love that Jesus taught.
I believe in the power of the Divine to work magick.
I see the Earth not only as my home, but my family.
I see that I am a part of all that is seen and un-seen.
My God/dess has many lessons to teach me
and all of creation to teach me with.
I am here to love one another, to love my God/dess
and to live in peace with all of creation.
This is what I strive. 

~ Author Unknown ~

In Wicca there are two codes of ethics that are adhered to extensively, the Wiccan Rede and the Three-Fold Law. 

Wiccan Rede
The Wiccan Rede states, "If it harms none, do what you will". This "harm none" policy, which includes yourself, places the responsibility of what you do squarely upon your own shoulders. So, you must closely examine every action you make before you make it. But do not get caught up in the semantics of it! “Harm none” means “out of malice”. It does not mean to deny yourself doing a spell for a particular job on the premise that it might cause someone else not to get that same job. Get over it. If you get the position, there will be something equally right for the other person as well. If you don’t get it, then it wasn’t meant to be and you are now free to find what you were meant to find. It is the intent of the spell that matters. Always remember that (regardless of your belief system)!

The Wiccan Rede
(Full Version)

Bide within the Law you must, in perfect Love and perfect Trust.
Live you must and let to live, fairly take and fairly give.

For tread the Circle thrice about to keep unwelcome spirits out.
To bind the spell well every time, let the spell be said in rhyme.

Light of eye and soft of touch, speak you little, listen much.
Honor the Old Ones in deed and name,
let love and light be our guides again.

Deosil go by the waxing moon, chanting out the joyful tune.
Widdershins go when the moon doth wane,
and the werewolf howls by the dread wolfsbane.

When the Lady's moon is new, kiss the hand to Her times two.
When the moon rides at Her peak then your heart's desire seek.

Heed the North winds mighty gale, lock the door and trim the sail.
When the Wind blows from the East, expect the new and set the feast.

When the wind comes from the South, love will kiss you on the mouth.
When the wind whispers from the West, all hearts will find peace and rest.

Nine woods in the Cauldron go, burn them fast and burn them slow.
Birch in the fire goes to represent what the Lady knows.

Oak in the forest towers with might, in the fire it brings the God's
insight. Rowan is a tree of power causing life and magick to flower.

Willows at the waterside stand ready to help us to the Summerland.
Hawthorn is burned to purify and to draw faerie to your eye.

Hazel-the tree of wisdom and learning adds its strength to the bright fire burning.
White are the flowers of Apple tree that brings us fruits of fertility.

Grapes grow upon the vine giving us both joy and wine.
Fir does mark the evergreen to represent immortality seen.

Elder is the Lady's tree burn it not or cursed you'll be.
Four times the Major Sabbats mark in the light and in the dark.

As the old year starts to wane the new begins, it's now Samhain.
When the time for Imbolc shows watch for flowers through the snows.

When the wheel begins to turn soon the Beltane fires will burn.
As the wheel turns to Lamas night power is brought to magick rite.

Four times the Minor Sabbats fall use the Sun to mark them all.
When the wheel has turned to Yule light the log the Horned One rules.

In the spring, when night equals day time for Ostara to come our way.
When the Sun has reached it's height time for Oak and Holly to fight.

Harvesting comes to one and all when the Autumn Equinox does fall.
Heed the flower, bush, and tree by the Lady blessed you'll be.

Where the rippling waters go cast a stone, the truth you'll know.
When you have and hold a need, harken not to others greed.

With a fool no season spend or be counted as his friend.
Merry Meet and Merry Part bright the cheeks and warm the heart.

Mind the Three-fold Laws you should three times bad and three times good.
When misfortune is enow wear the star upon your brow.

Be true in love this you must do unless your love is false to you.

These Eight words the Rede fulfill:

"An’ Ye Harm None, Do What Ye Will" 

Attributed to the family of Lady Gwen Thompson and passed to her in her early years.


Three-Fold Law
The Three-Fold Law, also called the Law of Return, or the Law of Three, is believed by Wiccans to be the basis on which Magic is worked. It relates to the usage of the power and energy of the Universal Spirit. When used, this power is returned to the sender three times that which was sent out. For example, if a spell is done to send someone “unpleasantries” that they deserve, because of their own actions. Many Witches (Wiccan’s especially) won’t do the spell because they are literally afraid that those “unpleasantries” will be reversed and sent back on them three times over. This concept was introduced by Gerald Gardner and is a primary Wiccan philosophy. Wiccans, and many Witches, take great care in the preparation and casting of spells that no harm should come to themselves or others as a result. There is nothing wrong with this, but many are so paranoid about it that they refuse to do anything but “good” magick. These people refuse to see that life, Nature, magick, the energies of the Universe, incorporate and contain both the light and the dark.
A different way to understand this is through the concept of "cause and effect". By performing a ritual or spell you are sending out positive energy to affect a situation. When the situation is successfully resolved this automatically makes you feel good and in turn influences your thoughts, which alters your state of consciousness, which stirs your emotions, which has a physical (chemical) effect on the body. The results of all of this lifts your spirit. So with that one positive act, you have been affected in three ways: body, mind, and spirit. This is your three-fold response to the return of the energy sent out.

When you do something good for someone you feel good about it. Now, immediately, no waiting. This action has, in turn, affected you in three ways:

1) Mentally, your mind is at peace with your work.

2) Physically, your body is producing endorphines that chemically make you feel good.

2) Emotionally, you're happy with what you've done. 

You have now brought to yourself the Three-Fold Law without the Karmic attachment (which again, many magical practitioners do not believe in). 

So, as you can see the 3-Fold Law can be interpreted not just that "you'll get back at you 3x's that which you put out", but that you can in fact, affect your physical self immediately with the mental, physical, & emotional effects of your magical works.

Note: Nevermind the point that mathematically 1 + 1 = 2 and can never equal 3! Just because it's "magick", doesn't mean that the laws of nature, science, and mathematics are thrown out the window. In fact, they become more important, because by knowing & understanding them, we can then use them to further enhance our works!

The main thing to consider in ALL magickal acts is how it will make you feel regarding the affect your intent will have on its recipient. Make sure your intent is pure and well-stated.

Witches (who are not Wiccan) follow their own ethics and morals with no set redes or laws. The “Golden Rule” is essentially the basis of their actions. They’re actions are governed by self-control and personal ethics & morals.


Wiccan ABC’s

Accept others as they are, we are all individuals. 

Belief in yourself is a necessity. 

Concentration is important in any endeavor, both magickal and in life. 

Do what you will, so long as it harms none. 

Empathy is an important life skill...learn it, practice it. 

Find strength in yourself, your friends, your world and your actions. 

Goddess/God's are multifaceted - The Lord and Lady take many names and faces. 

Help others every change you get. 

Intelligence is something that cannot be judged on the surface. 

Judge not - what you send out comes back to you! 

Karma loves to slap you in the face, watch out for it. 

Learning is something that should never stop happening!!! 

Magick is a wonderful gift, but it is not everything! 

Nature is precious, appreciate it and protect it. 

Over the course of time, your soul learns many lessons. Make this life count!!! 


Quietness both physically and mentally restores the soul, meditate often. 

Remember to take time for yourself as well as others. 

Spells can help you, but you must also help yourself. 

Tools can only do so much, they are not the foundation of all. You are the most important tool to use!!! 

Unless you enjoy worrying, keep a positive attitude. 

Visualize the success of your goals before you set out to achieve them. 

Wisdom can often be found in the least unexpected places. 

Xenophia (a hatred of those different from you) is a path to misery. 

You are a beautiful person who is capable of anything!!! 

Zapping away all of your troubles is not going to happen.

Author unknown


Principles of Wiccan Belief

We practice rites to attune ourselves with the natural rhythm of life forces marked by the phases of the Moon and the season Quarters and Cross-Quarters.

We recognize that our intelligence gives us a unique responsibility toward our environment.  We seek to live in harmony with Nature, in ecological balance offering fulfillment to life and consciousness within an evolutionary concept.

We acknowledge a depth of power far greater than that apparent to the average person.  Because it is far greater than ordinary it is sometimes called “supernatural,” but we see it as lying within that which is naturally potential to all.

We conceive of the Creative Power in the universe as manifesting through polarity--as masculine and feminine--and that this same Creative Power lies in all people, and functions through the interaction of the masculine and feminine.  We value neither above the other, knowing each to be supportive to the other.  We value sex as pleasure, as the symbol and embodiment of life, and as one of the sources of energies used in magickal practice and religious worship.

We recognize both outer worlds and inner, or psychological, worlds sometimes known as the Spiritual World, the Collective Unconscious, Inner Planes, etc.--and we see in the interaction of these two dimensions the basis for paranormal phenomena and magickal exercises.  We neglect neither dimension for the other, seeing both as necessary for our fulfillment.

We do not recognize any authoritarian hierarchy, but do honor those who teach, respect those who share their greater knowledge and wisdom, and acknowledge those who have courageously given of themselves in leadership.

We see religion, Magick and wisdom in living as being united in the way one views the world  and lives within it--a world view and philosophy of life which we identify as Witchcraft--the Wiccan Way.

Calling oneself “Witch” does not make a Witch--but neither does heredity itself, nor the collecting of titles, degrees and initiations.  A Witch seeks to control the forces within her/himself that make life possible in order to live wisely and well without harm to others and in harmony with Nature.

We believe in the affirmation and fulfillment of life in a continuation of evolution and development of consciousness giving meaning to the Universe we know and our personal role within it.

Our only animosity to Christianity, or toward any other religion or philosophy of life, is to the extent that its institutions have claimed to be ‘the only way’ and have sought to deny freedom to others and to suppress other ways of religious practice and belief.

As American Witches, we are not threatened by debates on the history of the Craft, the origins of various terms, the legitimacy of various aspects of different traditions.  We are concerned with our present and our future.

We do not accept the concept of absolute evil, nor do we worship any entity known as “Satan” or “the Devil”, as defined by the Christian tradition.  We do not seek power through the suffering of others, nor accept that personal benefit can be derived only by denial to another.

We believe that we should seek within Nature that which is contributory to our health and well-being.

Council of American Witches


The Wiccan Way
by Lady Beckett of Circle Atheneum in San Diego, CA in 1988

Recognizing that there is more than one path to spiritual enlightenment and that Wicca is but one of many, and that Wicca holds within itself the belief that there is more than one type of step set to the spiral dance, find here listed common denominators of the Craft.

That there is above all the Goddess in her three-fold aspect and many are her names. With all her names we call her Maiden, Mother and Crone.

That there is the God, consort and son, giver of strength and most willing of sacrifice.

That and it harm none, do what ye will shall be the law.

That each of her children are bound by the three-fold law and that whatever we create, be it joy or sorrow, laughter or pain, is brought back to us three-fold.

That as she is the mother of all living things and we are all her children, we seek to live in harmony not only with each other, but with the planet earth that is our womb and home.

That life upon the earth is not a burden to be born, but a joy to be learned and shared with others.

That death is not an ending of existence, but a step in the on-going process of life.

That there is no sacrifice of blood, for She is the mother of all living things, and from her all things proceed and unto her all things must return.

That each and everyone of the children who follow this path has no need of another between themselves and the Goddess, but may find Her within themselves.

That there shall not by intent be a desecration of another's symbols of beliefs, for we are all seeking harmony within the One.

That each person's faith is private unto themselves and that another's belief is not to be set out and made public.

That the Wiccan way is not to seek converts, but that the way be made open to those who for reasons of their own seek and find the Craft.

And as it is willed, so mote it be.

This is another nicely written grouping of ethics to live by. They’re a nice poem, authenticity to age cannot be proven, but the language of it makes it clear to be a very modern poem, just like the Wiccan Rede.

The Celtic Commandments
Give thou thine heart to the wild magic, 
To the Lord and the Lady of Nature, 
Beyond any consideration of this world. 
Do not covet large or small, 
Do not despise weakling or poor, 
Semblance of evil allow not near thee, 
Never give nor earn thou shame. 
The Ancient Harmonies are given thee, 
Understand them early and prove, 
Be one with the power of the elements, 
Put behind thee dishonour and lies. 
Be loyal to the Lord of the Wild Wood, 
Be true to the Lady of the Stars, 
Be true to thine own self besides, 
True to the magic of Nature above all else. 
Do not thou curse anyone, 
Lest thou threefold cursed shouldst be, 
And shouldst thou travel ocean and earth, 
Follow the very step of the ancient trackways. 

~Author Unknown~


Codes of the Druids
A Druid is Open to the Sources of Power.

"All these things that you have said that you will do, I will also do."

The words of An Dagda as given by Gilla Riabhach O' Cléirigh, Cath Maige Tuired

A Druid is a Student and a Master of Wisdom.

"A warrior has come named Samildánach; and all the arts which help your people, he practices them all, so that he is the man of each and every art."

A description of Lugh as given by Gilla Riabhach O' Cléirigh, Cath Maige Tuired

A Druid Practices the Nine Parts of Magic.

"(I am) very small, very great, very bright, very hard, angriness of fire, fire of speech, noise of knowledge, well of wisdom, sword of song ..."

Nede mac Adne's response to "what is thy name?" as stated in Immacallam in do Thuarad and translated by Caitlin Matthews

A Druid is Reborn Through the Act of Sacrifice.

"I am the son of the man without a father, who was buried in his mother's womb, who was blessed after his death. Indeed death betrothed him, and he was the first utterance of every living one, the cry of every dead one: lofty Ailm is his name."

Ferchertne's response to "whose son are you?" as stated in Immacallam in do Thuarad and translated by Caitlin Matthews

A Druid Maintains Order and Balance.

"The Gods must be worshipped, and no evil done, and right behavior maintained."

Diogenes Laertius, Vitae,Introduction I, 5.

A Druid is Honored by the People.

"Among all the Gallic peoples, generally speaking, there are three sets of men who are held in exceptional honor: the Bards, the Vates, and the Druids. The Bards are singers and poets; the Vates, diviners and natural philosophers; while the Druids, in addition to natural philosophy, study also moral philosophy."

Strabo, Geographica.

A Druid Lives Many Lives.

"The soul is immortal."

Strabo, Geographica, IV, 4, 197-8.

A Druid Looks Beyond Life.

"The same spirit has a body again elsewhere."

Lucan, Pharsalia, I, 450-8.

A Druid Knows the Ecstasy of Imbas.

"The Gods touch a person through divine and human joys so that they are able to speak prophetic poems and dispense wisdom and perform miracles... "

The Ways of Imbas according to Amergin White-knee, The Cauldron of Poesy Materials.

A Druid Becomes One with the Gods.

"God of druids, my god above every god, he is god of the ancient druids."

An invocation to the power of Draíocht by the Great Munster Druid, Mogh Roith, Forbhais Droma Dámhgháire.

A Druid Seeks the Truth Against the World.

"Well then, get into a chariot, boy, and proceed to find out for yourself whether my words are truth."

Instructions to CúChulainn on taking up arms as given by the Great Ulster Druid, Cathbad, The Boyhood Deeds of CúChulainn.


Druidic Truths
The first moral principle of the ancient Druids was a devotion to truth. The following is from The Testament of Morann, a Druidic document that dates from the 7th - 9th Centuries CE. 

Let him magnify Truth, it will magnify him.
Let him strengthen Truth, it will strengthen him.
Through the ruler’s Truth massive mortalities are averted from men.
Through the ruler’s Truth all the land is fruitful and childbirth worthy.
Through the ruler’s Truth there is abundance of tall corn.


This is a very old Viking liturgy. It was made more known by the movie, The Thirteenth Warrior (1999) with Antonio Banderas.

Norse Warrior Prayer

Lo there, do I see my father?
Lo there, do I see my mother,
And my sisters and brothers?
Lo there, do I see the line of my people back to the beginning?
Lo, they do call to me,
They bid me take my place among them,
In the Halls of Valhalla,
Where the brave may live,


Norse Rede of Honor

1. In all that you do, consider its benefit or harm upon yourself, your children and your people.

2. All that which you do will return to you, sooner or later, for good or for ill. Thus strive always to do good to others, or at least strive always to be just.

3. Be honest with yourself, and with others. "This above all; to thine own self be true."

4. Humankind, and especially your own family and folk, has the spark of divinity within it. Protect and nurture that spark.

5. Give your word sparingly, and adhere to it like iron.

6. In the world, your first trust and responsibility should be to your own people. Yet, be kind and proper to others whenever possible. 

7. What you have, HOLD!

8. Pass on to others only those words which you have personally verified.

9. Be honest with others, and let them know that you expect honesty in return, always.

10. The fury of the moment plays folly with the truth; to keep one's head is a virtue.

11. Know which battles should be fought, and which battles should be avoided. Also, know when to break off a conflict. There are times when the minions of chaos are simply too strong or when fate is absolutely unavoidable.

12. When you gain power, use it carefully and use it well.

13. Courage and honor endure forever. Their echoes remain when the mountains have crumbled to dust.

14. Pledge friendship and your services to those who are worthy. Strengthen others of your people and they will strengthen you.

15. Love and care for your family always, and have the fierceness of a wolf in their protection.

16. Honor yourself, have pride in yourself, do your best and forgive yourself when you must. 

17. Try always to be above reproach in the eyes of the world.

18. Those of our people should always endure to settle any differences among themselves quietly and peaceably.

19. The laws of the land should be obeyed whenever possible and reason, for in the main they have been chosen with wisdom.

20. Have pride in yourself, your family and your folk. They are your promise for the future.

21. Do not neglect your mate and children.

22. Every one of our people should work according to the best that s/he can do, no matter how small or how great. We are all in this world together, thus we must always help each other along.

23. One advances individually and collectively only by living in harmony with the natural order of the world.

24. The seeking of wisdom is a high virtue. Love of truth, honor, courage and loyalty are the hallmarks of the noble soul.

25. Be prepared for whatever the future brings.

26. Life with all its joys, struggles and ambiguities is to be embraced and lived to the fullest!

~From the book "The Rites of Odin" by Ed Fitch; Gardnerian High Priest~


Morals & Ethics: Banishing, Binding, Cursing, Hexing & Their Effect on Free Will
First, we’ll define each. Then, we’ll put them into application to see what they are and how they affect the outcome of a spell’s intent.

Morals & Ethics:
Morals are one’s personal principles and standards by which they conduct themselves. A magical practitioner without morals will lower themselves to harmful magick (causing harm for fun) without any consideration for their actions and the consequences that will occur to their intended victim, as well as themselves.

Ethics are a specific system of principles and rules concerning responsibility of practice regarding a particular class of human actions. For example, a practitioner takes responsibility for their actions, and refrain from harmful works because of its deleterious effect on themselves and others. 

(By “harmful” I am referring to purposefully hurting someone or something without cause, basically "just for fun”.)

Banish/Banishing - A Magical working implemented to remove harmful threats, negativity, or people portraying those attributes.

Bind/Binding - To magically restrain something or someone without causing them harm.

Curse/Cursing - This is the conscious act of directing negative energy upon a person, object or location through thought or spellwork. The word is derived from cursein, an Anglo Saxon word that means "to invoke harm or evil upon." A curse can be spoken and/or written. One famous spoken curse is the Papal excommunication of a priest. Objects can also be cursed and are designed to affect anyone who owns the object. A cursed object is designed to affect people (or just one person) with bad luck and misfortune, disease and/or ill health and, in extreme circumstances, even death.

Free Will - This is the ability to choose for one’s self without coercion. It is the power to make choices that are unconstrained by external circumstances or actions by such things as fate, magic, or divine will. In magic, imposing on Free Will is frowned upon considerably. A love spell to bring love into your life is fine, but if you cast the love spell for a specific person, you are then imposing on their free will. Big no-no!

Hex/Hexing - As a noun it refers to a “the evil eye”, a curse, or a spell which is usually negative. The verb refers to the casting of a spell, usually of negative influence also. Either way, a hex is a spell or bewitchment. It is derived from the German word for “witch”, hexe, and comes from the folklore of the Pennsylvania Dutch. In folklore its use can be for good or bad. Due to misinformation, it is now considered to have only negative connotations. A hexe can be designed and made for hire. The witch being paid for both the infliction and removal of a hex.

Many new practitioners have difficulty determining the difference between coercive or harmful magic (which is often referred to as baneful or black magic), and the “harm none” principle. So we’ll define these as well:

Black/Baneful/Coercive/Harmful Magic:
Terms used to delineate “bad” magick from “good” magic, the “left hand” path from the “right hand” path. However Magic itself is not evil, the power of Magick is itself neutral it is the intent behind it that makes it positive or negative. To designate something as one way or another without knowing the nature of the intent is presumptuous. Basically, Black (Dark) and White (Light) Magick are terms which give a false sense of security to those who don’t understand and so must give it a label.

For clarification and purposes of continuity, “White Magic” should be more accurately referred to as “positive” or “healing” magic, depending on its applicable intent.


Defining Tenets to Live By
The “harm none” principle is a good basis from which to begin. While it is rather vague, and open for some really ridiculous interpretations, when considered with logic it becomes a perfect tenet to live by.

Harm no one, no living being, with malice. An accident is just that, an accident, and thus beyond your control. However, by sending out positive & healing energies immediately, the damage may be lessened, if not noticeably, then spiritually.

When finding moral & ethical tenets to live by start with the definitions of each word of the phrase. Why do I do this? Because by knowing & understanding the meaning of a word, and its placement within a concept, you can then discern fully what its true meaning is in that particular situation.

Let me show you what I mean, we’ll do an experiment. Take the phrase “I Am A Goddess” (or God, if you are male). Ok, don’t get all hung up on the literal translation of it, just follow me here. Now, repeat the statement with these particular inflections:

I am a goddess/god
i AM a goddess/god
i am A goddess/god

Ok, now we’ll begin with the first word, “I”. That word is referring to me, myself, I. The physical, mental, emotional & spiritual being of one’s self.

The second word, “AM” means “to exist in actuality, to have life or reality.”

The third word, “A” denotes a quantity (here being “one“ - you), a type or member of a class (here being “Gods” - proper name), and/or to indicate a single type (again, here being “gods” - mass noun).

The last word, “Goddess/God” is referring obviously, to the ability of utilizing supernatural powers or attributes, i.e. magick. Witches work with the Divine to manifest their needs, and when their needs are met, then their wants. Unlike the Book Religions, we do not “ask and hope” for anything. We commune personally with the Divine to bring it within our grasp, and in some great instances, literally dropped in your lap!

Each of those statements, while exactly the same in wording, are vastly different in interpretation. Each has its own purpose at particular times. How did you feel after stating each one? Interesting the differences, isn’t it?!

It is the same with ALL magicks we perform. The wording is very important, and so is the mental image you form as you gather your materials, write your spell or ritual, speak it in Circle.

My best friend was very lonely and really wanted to have someone love her. She’s been alone for years over 10 years. So, she wrote a spell for “love to come into her life, someone to love her just as she is, and who needed her”. Within a couple of months her mentally handicapped son was moved back into her home, leaving a bad situation at the group home. 

While its wonderful that her son is now living with her again, and he loves her very much, and she loves him (duh)……….it sure as hell wasn’t what she was expecting! She has had to re-write her spell and be far more specific this time! J

Her morals & ethics were right on the money, but the outcome wasn’t quite what she wanted. The same can occur when doing spells for banishing someone who is a nuisance, or a threat. You want them “gone from your presence permanently”, but you don’t want them dead. So, what you put out there mentally, as well as your words, will make a huge difference in the outcome.

Hexing and/or cursing someone is dangerous business. And new Witches have no business even attempting it. I don’t care what some stupid “book of spells” off the store shelves tells you. You are NOT mature enough magickally, to handle what consequences may be dealt. So, just don’t go there. (I’ll touch one this concept in the Intermediate Witchcraft classes and go into it extensively in the Advanced Witchcraft courses.)

Binding is another thing. These are great for the beginner (and anyone else also). This “ties” to the person that which they are trying to inflict on others. As always, be very specific in your wording so that the person’s meanness, harmful nature, what ever the problem is, is contained to them and no one else. I always include an escape for them also. If they learn their lesson, then the spell is removed. If they start their shit again, then reinstate the spell, only with even more power. I know this from experience. The person was a consummate liar. If her mouth was open lies were coming out. A couple of years after doing the spell she confessed and apologized for all her lies. Within a couple of years she was back to her old ways. Some people won’t change, its their free will at work. But that doesn’t have to stop us from binding all that crap to them so its not inflicted on others. Her lies are now catching up to her fast, and they will probably land her in jail. Then, maybe she’ll learn.

A Witch’s Values
In Witchcraft, there are no set tenets or rules of conduct. We rely completely on our own personal sense of right and wrong. We honor Nature & Life. We know and understand that everything is not all rainbows & unicorns, bubblegum & candy canes. There is Shadow and Dark. These are not “evil” or “bad”, they just “are”. We all have these aspects within us. It is how we work with these aspects that make the difference. By ignoring them, they grow stronger and eventually take over. By thriving on them, they take over faster, but in the end leave us wasted and worn. It is through acknowledging all aspects of our selves that we achieve balance.

When performing a spell, consider how you feel. Do you feel good, or feel a twinge of apprehension, or do you have a full-blown knot in your stomach? Each of these tells you something about what you are about to do.

The good feeling is obvious. You are looking forward to working to manifest your need or want. And it’s a “good” want or need.

The twingy feeling is telling you that either something is wrong with your wording and you need to check it over, or you’re not sure that the intent is beneficial. Another point here, is that you may be unsure. In that case, drop it. Don’t do it. Its better to stop than to go ahead and wind up with a real mess on your hands.

The full-blown knot in your stomach is telling you that you’re about to fuck up. (I chose that word purposely, because this is way beyond an “oops”!) Don’t do it. Listen to your gut. Stop right away and re-think everything from beginning to end. And especially, the true intent of your spell. Let it go, because its not the right spell, or the right time, or some other unknown factor. In the long run, you’ll be very glad you did.

While putting together your spells, be sure to commune with your Deity. Let them know what you’re doing, They already know anyway, and this way you‘re giving them the courtesy of acknowledging Them. Ask for their guidance and assistance before, during, and after the spellwork.


What About That “Personal Gain” Thing?
We’ve all heard it before: “don’t do any spells for personal gain“. Really?! Who made up that shit?! Please. Get real.

Again, this is one of those tenets that gets taken far too literally. It, as with all magic(k)s, is all about intent. Personally, I think the more correct terminology would be “don’t be greedy”. 

Why not do spells to gain something for yourself personally? A new house, a new car, a new love, what ever it may be. And, what is wrong with doing a spell for the lottery? What’s so greedy about that? - the intent behind it, that’s what! 

Besides, where the lottery is concerned you’re also dealing with the Laws of Mathematics. And the Gods know all about those mathematical odds! And the odds are, they’ll only give you what you need and deserve! My idea here is that you’d better have a very unselfish reason for wanting to win that lottery, otherwise forget it….the odds, and the Gods, are against you!


Spellwork, regardless of belief system, involves taking great care in what you think, say, and do. The effects of your actions will be reflected in the outcome of the spell. If you’re unethical and demanding, you may receive that which you wanted, but can you keep it? Or will it be snatched away from you as payback for your actions? On the other hand, if you’re intent is truthful and pure, you may receive that which wanted, and you will benefit greatly from it. So plan carefully. Be clear in your intent. Cast with joy. And commune with your Deity. All of these will help you manifest what you need, and ultimately, what you want.


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